There are various interventions available during labor, and there has been concern about whether they are always necessary. If complications arise during birth, a doctor may choose to deliver a baby via Cesarean section, or use one of two instruments to help the delivery in what is called operative vaginal delivery. During operative vaginal delivery, instead of instructing a mother to push a baby through the birth canal or using his hands to guide the baby out, the doctor may opt for an instrument delivery using either forceps or a vacuum if the baby is stuck in the birth canal or is distressed.
"In high-income settings, emerging evidence suggests that overuse of obstetric intervention is more prevalent among wealthier mothers with no medical need of it."(Fox et al, 2019). Fox and colleagues compared delivery type with demographics in Queensland, Australia and found that those in cities, as well as in a higher socio-economic class, were more likely to have interventions.
What we should expect to see is higher rates of interventions with those mothers who are higher risk. Even when adjusting their data for known clinical risk factors, in Australia they saw that actually the inverse is true “mothers in the wealthiest quintile having significantly higher odds of having a caesarean section, induction, episiotomy, epidural and instrumental vaginal birth than mothers in the poorest quintile." (Fox et al, 2019). Fox et al suggested this may evidence a pattern of overuse in Australia, and suggested that overall the use of unnecessary obstetric interventions should be reduced.
If a doctor failed to uphold the expected standard of care and caused you or your baby undue injury during delivery, call The Holton Law Firm. The knowledgeable birth injury attorneys with Holton Law Firm can help you explore your legal options.