Overall birth injury in Finland has decreased by 50% over a 20 year period, although an increase in some types of injuries is seen.

Birth injuries are injuries and traumas sustained by otherwise healthy infants during the labor and delivery process, often as the result of a doctor or nurse's mistake. Birth injuries are particularly common in cases involving prolonged labor, delayed delivery, or instrument-assisted delivery. Common birth injuries caused by medical negligence include: 


  • - Brain injuries such as Cerebral palsy 

  • - Brachial plexus injuries such as Erb's palsy and Klumpke's palsy 

  • - Broken bones such as clavicle fractures 

  • - Cephalohematoma (bleeding underneath the cranium) 

  • - Caput succedaneum (severe swelling of the scalp tissue) 


Recommendations for health care providers are constantly changing based on new evidence to avoid unnecessary injury. One study out of Finland found some good news regarding the number of birth injury occurrences through the years. Kekki and colleagues used the Medical Birth Registry in Finland to look back at over one million births between 1997 and 2017, and found that the rate of injury has decreased from 34.0 to 16.6 per 1000 live births (Kekki et al, 2020).  


While there was an overall decrease of incidences, not all injury rates were followed this trend. The decrease was mostly in part to the reduction of clavicle fractures and plexus injuries. Chignon (temporary swelling following a suction cup) and  epicranial subaponeurotic hemorrhage  rates increased however, coinciding with an increase in  instrumental vaginal delivery.  


The authors discuss that better management along with a trend of lower birth weight may be contributing to birth injury rate reduction. They also point out that there has been a decrease in the number of cesarean sections, so the notion that c-sections help prevent birth injury is not absolute.  


If your infant was diagnosed with a birth injury that you believe was caused by a mistake made by a doctor, nurse, or other medical professional during the labor and delivery process, you may be entitled to seek compensation. The knowledgeable birth injury attorneys with Holton Law Firm can help you explore your legal options. Contact Holton Law Firm today to schedule an appointment for a free initial case analysis. 

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